P a r t n e r s





About the conference


The Faculty of Law of the Comenius University in Bratislava (Slovakia),


 the Faculty of Law and Administration of the University of Warmia and Mazury in Olsztyn (Poland),


 the II Faculty of Law of the University of Bari (Italy)

 

and

 

 the Faculty of Law of the University of Valencia (Spain)
 

invite submissions to

 the 12th International Conference on Human Rights:

 

„Communication as a Measure of Protection and Limitation of Human Rights/

 Information in Relation to Human Rights"

     June 1-2, 2012
    Bratislava, Slovakia
 


 „The free communication of ideas and opinions is one of the most precious of the rights of man. Every citizen may, accordingly, speak, write, and print with freedom, but shall be responsible for such abuses of this freedom as shall be defined by law.“

                  Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen 1789, Article XI

 

Communication is a measure of governing, measure of connecting people in a certain community. By communication we aim to achieve common goals and objectives. Communication is an essential presumption for building an information and knowledge-based society, which should be directed at the development of mankind, education, culture, prosperity and security.

Our time is, inter alia, characterized by the information explosion. Amount of available knowledge is growing rapidly. Information we spread and receive by the communication shape our decisions and determine our behaviour. However, this also means that the more information we have, the more important is our ability to sort, process and use the information properly. Our decision-making is based on the amount and type of information we have. It is assumed that the more information we have, the more qualified decisions we may take. Some information that could be helpful in our decision-making process is not generally available because its publication could unfavourably affect the subject in question.

Information is one of the factors that determine the fate of states, multinational corporations, legal entities and individuals. Therefore, it is not surprising that the right to information is the centre of attention not only for the law, but also for many other disciplines. But questions arise: What is the position of the right to information in today's world? Where are its limits? What is the relationship of the right to information to human rights and fundamental freedoms? Does the right to information help to exercise fundamental rights and freedoms? Or, on the other hand, do fundamental rights and freedoms limit the right to information?

Conference sections:

1.  The relationship of religion and law – human behaviour was from the earliest times regulated mostly by two normative systems which are closely related – by religion and law. Even in the modern society, communication via religion has a significant impact on observance of legal rules. Those who follow religious norms, usually follow also legal norms.

2.  Influence of information about economic and legal risks on the behaviour of market actors - whether regarding property of multinational corporations or property of an ordinary person, its responsible management is currently conditional by the flow of information which affect the decision-making of those subjects.

3. The quality of law and access to economic goods in relation to information - Nowadays, different kinds of information play an increasingly important part in economic life of the countries. Information is often used as an economic resource. On the other hand, law and appropriate information about it are some of the factors that influence human access to economic goods and social welfare. The quality of law (or lack of knowledge about the law) may lead to the situation that basic human rights are violated in the area of social safety. This problem does most often result from the economic weakness of the state and the lack of access to information about people in need. But can a right to information influence or even improve access to economic goods? Suggested scientific discourse includes questions of boosts of resources of states and to that related decrease of access to goods for citizens by increased efficiency of economy with regard to role of information.

4.  Right to information and its limits - protection of the right to information is more or less expressed in all areas of law including free access to information on the use of public funds, the right to be informed before any medical treatment or nullity of legal act made by mistake. On the other hand, there are some limits on the rights to information not only in the area of public law, such as business and bank secret, pastoral or any other confidentiality, but also in area of private law, such as restrictions on collection of certain types of information from applicants for employment or prohibition of dissemination of information that might unduly interfere with the individual´s right to privacy. Protection of the right to information can be found not only in the area of substantive law, but also in the area of procedural law. 

5. Legal, psychological and social aspects of information in cyberspace (virtual world) - dissemination of information on the internet and gathering information on social networks bring a number of new legal problems.

Nowadays, nobody doubts that information propels the modern world. It moves the modern world in such a manner that the answer to the question of Shakespeare’s Hamlet “to be or not to be" may be changed to "to have or not to have the relevant information”.


 

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